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Спектр-РГ – Протон-М/ДМ-03 – Байконур – 13.07.2019, 15:31 ДМВ, Спектр-Рентген-Гамма от НПО Лавочкина
 
К [URL=http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum11/topic16037/message1904240/#message1904240]#1359[/URL]

[QUOTE][URL=https://twitter.com/DLR_en][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/877874028329005057/LH8Hdbbm_bigger.jpg[/IMG] [B]DLR - English[/B]‏ @DLR_en[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/DLR_en/status/1186195655670358017]16 мин. назад[/URL]

Good news from [URL=https://twitter.com/DLR_de]@DLR_de[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/eROSITA?src=hash]#eROSITA[/URL] X-ray telescope [IMG WIDTH=16 HEIGHT=16]https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f6f0.png[/IMG][IMG WIDTH=16 HEIGHT=16]https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f52d.png[/IMG]! All 7 cameras [IMG WIDTH=16 HEIGHT=16]https://abs.twimg.com/emoji/v2/72x72/1f4f7.png[/IMG] are now operating simultaneously. Results will be presented to journalists at [URL=https://twitter.com/maxplanckpress]@maxplanckpress[/URL] symposium – [URL=https://t.co/dEDn4F6cPO]http://www.mpe.mpg.de/7358495/news20191015 …[/URL].
More on 22 Oct from [URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/IAC2019?src=hash]#IAC2019[/URL], including first images.
[URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/FirstLight?src=hash]#FirstLight[/URL] Image: MPE

[IMG WIDTH=1200 HEIGHT=900]https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EHY2VlnX0AMQUMs.jpg[/IMG][/QUOTE]
Изменено: tnt22 - 21.10.2019 11:40:10
Зоопарк китайских ракет
 
К [URL=http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/messages/forum13/topic10087/message1903660/#message1903660]#431[/URL]

[URL=http://russian.news.cn/2019-10/20/c_138488118.htm]http://russian.news.cn/2019-10/20/c_138488118.htm[/URL]
[QUOTE][SIZE=14pt]Китай запустит частную многоразовую ракету-носитель в 2021 году[/SIZE]
[SIZE=8pt]2019-10-20 19:44:22丨Russian.News.Cn[/SIZE]

[B]Пекин, 20 октября /Синьхуа/ --[/B] В пятницу на Форуме Чжунгуаньцунь-2019 в Пекине впервые была представлена китайская ракета-носитель многоразового использования, работающая на жидком кислородно-метановом топливе.

Ракета, получившая название "Гипербола-2" /Hyperbola-2/, будет запущена впервые в 2021 году. Это может восполнить нехватку многоразовых ракет с жидкостным ракетным двигателем в Китае.

"Гипербола-2" была разработана частным разработчиком ракет i-Space, который базируется в Пекине. По словам Дун Яньминя, замгендиректора по технологиям данной компании, новая ракета-носитель не только удовлетворит растущий спрос на запуск малых и средних спутников, но и поможет в предоставлении услуг экстренных запусков.

28-метровая ракета с взлетной массой 90 тонн способна отправить на околоземную орбиту 1,9 тонны полезной нагрузки.

Эта ракета-носитель имеет низкую стоимость и высокую надежность и может обеспечить высококачественные запуски спутников, добавил Дун Яньминь.[/QUOTE]
План китайских космических пусков
 
Цитата
zandr написал:
November - CZ-3B/YZ-1 - XSLC - Beidou-3 M19; Beidou-3 M20
November - CZ-3B/G2 - XSLC - Beidou-3 IGSO3

Источник
Цитата
Китай аэрокосмический
22 ч. назад

На пусковой станции LC2 космодрома Сичан проводятся работы с РН CZ-3B. Пуск планируется в начале ноября с.г. ПН - спутник(и) навигационной системы Бэйдоу-3.
Прим. тип ПН (MEO/IGSO) и кол-во КА в заметке не сообщаются
Inmarsat 5 F5 (GX-5), TIBA-1 - Ariane 5 ECA (VA250) - Kourou ELA-3 - 22.11.2019, TBD UTC
 
[QUOTE][URL=https://twitter.com/DutchSpace][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg[/IMG] [B]DutchSpace[/B]‏ @DutchSpace[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/1185479909432610816]19 окт.[/URL]

Also TIBA-1 has arrived safely at CSG for the next Ariane 5 launch [URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/VA250?src=hash]#VA250[/URL]
[SIZE=8pt][URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/CSG?src=hash]#CSG[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESA?src=hash]#ESA[/URL][/SIZE]

[IMG WIDTH=1200 HEIGHT=849]https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EHOrr80X4AAxfQ7.jpg[/IMG][/QUOTE]
CSG-1, CHEOPS (CHaracterising ExOPlanet Satellite), ANGELS, +... - Soyuz-ST-B /Fregat-MT (VS23) - Kourou ELS - 17.12.2019, 08:54:20 UTC
 
[QUOTE][URL=https://twitter.com/DutchSpace][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/2419305470/di1axzx9r4lgxbk6gkdc_bigger.jpeg[/IMG] [B]DutchSpace[/B]‏ @DutchSpace[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/DutchSpace/status/1185473904535658497]19 окт.[/URL]

Nice shot of [URL=https://twitter.com/ESA_CHEOPS]@ESA_CHEOPS[/URL] out of the container inside S1B at CSG
[SIZE=8pt][URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/CSG?src=hash]#CSG[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/VS23?src=hash]#VS23[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/hashtag/ESA?src=hash]#ESA[/URL][/SIZE]

[IMG WIDTH=1081 HEIGHT=765]https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EHOmOlnXYAEGoqo.jpg[/IMG][/QUOTE]
Артемида - лунная пилотируемая программа США
 
[QUOTE][URL=https://twitter.com/HarryStoltz1][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1178362193630224384/7QntjoPv_bigger.jpg[/IMG] [B]Harry Stoltz[/B] 🚀‏ @HarryStoltz1[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/HarryStoltz1/status/1186165592547422208]15 мин. назад[/URL]

.[URL=https://twitter.com/NASA]@NASA[/URL]'s Artemis Program Timeline. [URL=https://twitter.com/SpaceX]@SpaceX[/URL] has 2 commercial contracts so far!

[IMG WIDTH=487 HEIGHT=767]https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EHYbUV9VAAAhE6f.jpg[/IMG][/QUOTE]
Планов громадье в ULA
 
[URL=https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/20/solid-rocket-motor-test-fired-for-atlas-5-debut-next-year/]https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/20/solid-rocket-motor-test-fired-for-atlas-5-debut-next-year/[/URL]
[QUOTE][SIZE=16pt][B]Solid rocket motor test-fired for Atlas 5 debut next year[/B][/SIZE]
[SIZE=8pt][B][URL=https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/]October 20, 2019[/URL] | [URL=https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/]Stephen Clark[/URL][/B][/SIZE]

A new solid rocket motor built by Northrop Grumman has aced its final test-firing before a scheduled debut on a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket flight next year.

Northrop Grumman’s GEM 63 solid rocket motor will replace the Aerojet Rocketdyne AJ-60A solid-fueled booster that has flown on Atlas 5 rockets since 2003.

Billed as a “direct replacement” for the AJ-60A, Northrop Grumman’s GEM 63 booster produces roughly the same thrust and has approximately the same dimensions as the Atlas 5’s incumbent solid-fueled boosters.

Northrop Grumman performed the third in a series of GEM 63 test-firings Oct. 10 at the company’s Promontory, Utah, site before the new solid rocket motor’s first launch on an Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral late next year.

Kendra Kastelan, a Northrop Grumman spokesperson, said the company has no further test-firings planned for the GEM 63 motor before its first launch.

A spokesperson with the U.S. Air Force’s Space and Missile Systems Center, which procures launch services for U.S. military and intelligence-gathering satellites, said the the first use of the GEM 63 solid rocket booster on an Atlas 5 mission is scheduled for September 2020.

The mission, codenamed NROL-101, will launch a classified payload for the National Reconnaissance Office, which owns the government’s top secret spy satellites, the Air Force spokesperson confirmed to Spaceflight Now. Five GEM 63 boosters will help the Atlas 5’s main engine propel the NROL-101 payload into space, an Atlas 5 configuration with a 5-meter (17-foot) fairing known as the Atlas 5-551.

The GEM 63 motor is an enlarged version of the GEM 60 booster built by Northrop Grumman for ULA’s Delta 4 rocket family. The last GEM 60 motor flew on a Delta 4 launch in August. ULA’s five remaining Delta 4 missions will launch in the rocket’s heavy-lift configuration with three liquid-fueled cores, and no strap-on solid rocket boosters.

Northrop Grumman, through its predecessors ATK and Orbital ATK, also supplied smaller boosters — called Graphite Epoxy Motors — for the now-retired Delta 2 and Delta 3 rocket families.

The new motor is designated the GEM 63 because of its 63-inch (1.6-meter) diameter. It measures 66 feet (20 meters) long and will generate up to 373,800 pounds of thrust during launch, consuming some 97,500 pounds (44.2 metric tons) of pre-packed solid propellant during a burn lasting around 100 seconds, before the booster is jettisoned.

Like the AJ-60A motor, the GEM 63 will have fixed nozzles and ogive nose cone, providing the proper aerodynamic shape to ensure the booster cleanly falls away from the Atlas 5 after burnout.

ULA’s ground processing team rehearsed transportation, handling and mating procedures using an inert GEM 63 motor at the Atlas 5 launch pad in May. The team practiced installing the inert motor on an Atlas 5 first stage inside the Vertical Integration Facility at Cape Canaveral’s Complex 41 launch pad to verify clearances and techniques before working with a real GEM 63 motor next year.

Tory Bruno, ULA’s president and CEO, wrote on Twitter that all Atlas 5 missions will eventually convert over to the new GEM 63 motor. ULA has not said when the company’s inventory of AJ-60A boosters will run out, or identified the final launch with Aerojet Rocketdyne-built solid rocket motors.

Crewed launches with Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner spacecraft will also eventually switch over to the GEM 63 booster, Bruno tweeted in response to a question from Spaceflight Now.

[IMG WIDTH=678 HEIGHT=904]https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/gem63inert.jpg[/IMG]
[SIZE=8pt][B]United Launch Alliance ground teams rehearsed handling and lifting an inert GEM 63 motor earlier this year at the Atlas 5 launch pad at Cape Canaveral. Credit: United Launch Alliance[/B][/SIZE]

Aerojet Rocketdyne’s AJ-60A motor has a flawless record since its first use on the Atlas 5’s third launch in July 2003, with 115 of the boosters flown to date.

ULA announced in 2015 the selection of Orbital ATK — now part of Northrop Grumman — to provide solid rocket boosters for future Atlas 5 launches, and for the next-generation Vulcan Centaur rocket. At the time, ULA said the selection of the GEM 63 rocket motor would “significantly lower the price to ULA and to the U.S. government.”

A lengthened version of the GEM 63 known as the GEM 63XL will fly on ULA’s new Vulcan Centaur rocket, which is scheduled for an inaugural launch in 2021. The Atlas 5 rocket can fly with any number of solid rocket boosters from zero to five, while the Vulcan Centaur will launch in standardized configurations with two or six strap-on motors alongside the rocket’s two Blue Origin BE-4 main engines.

Northrop Grumman’s planned OmegA launcher, which is competing with ULA’s Vulcan Centaur for Air Force contracts, is designed to fly with up to six GEM 63XLT strap-on boosters, another variant of the new GEM 63 solid rocket motor.[/QUOTE]
Orbital ATK next-generation launch vehicle
 
[URL=https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/20/solid-rocket-motor-test-fired-for-atlas-5-debut-next-year/]https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/20/solid-rocket-motor-test-fired-for-atlas-5-debut-next-year/[/URL]
[QUOTE][SIZE=16pt][B]Solid rocket motor test-fired for Atlas 5 debut next year[/B][/SIZE]
[SIZE=8pt][B][URL=https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/10/]October 20, 2019[/URL] | [URL=https://spaceflightnow.com/author/stephen-clark/]Stephen Clark[/URL][/B][/SIZE]

A new solid rocket motor built by Northrop Grumman has aced its final test-firing before a scheduled debut on a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket flight next year.

Northrop Grumman’s GEM 63 solid rocket motor will replace the Aerojet Rocketdyne AJ-60A solid-fueled booster that has flown on Atlas 5 rockets since 2003.

Billed as a “direct replacement” for the AJ-60A, Northrop Grumman’s GEM 63 booster produces roughly the same thrust and has approximately the same dimensions as the Atlas 5’s incumbent solid-fueled boosters.

Northrop Grumman performed the third in a series of GEM 63 test-firings Oct. 10 at the company’s Promontory, Utah, site before the new solid rocket motor’s first launch on an Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral late next year.

Kendra Kastelan, a Northrop Grumman spokesperson, said the company has no further test-firings planned for the GEM 63 motor before its first launch.

A spokesperson with the U.S. Air Force’s Space and Missile Systems Center, which procures launch services for U.S. military and intelligence-gathering satellites, said the the first use of the GEM 63 solid rocket booster on an Atlas 5 mission is scheduled for September 2020.

The mission, codenamed NROL-101, will launch a classified payload for the National Reconnaissance Office, which owns the government’s top secret spy satellites, the Air Force spokesperson confirmed to Spaceflight Now. Five GEM 63 boosters will help the Atlas 5’s main engine propel the NROL-101 payload into space, an Atlas 5 configuration with a 5-meter (17-foot) fairing known as the Atlas 5-551.

The GEM 63 motor is an enlarged version of the GEM 60 booster built by Northrop Grumman for ULA’s Delta 4 rocket family. The last GEM 60 motor flew on a Delta 4 launch in August. ULA’s five remaining Delta 4 missions will launch in the rocket’s heavy-lift configuration with three liquid-fueled cores, and no strap-on solid rocket boosters.

Northrop Grumman, through its predecessors ATK and Orbital ATK, also supplied smaller boosters — called Graphite Epoxy Motors — for the now-retired Delta 2 and Delta 3 rocket families.

The new motor is designated the GEM 63 because of its 63-inch (1.6-meter) diameter. It measures 66 feet (20 meters) long and will generate up to 373,800 pounds of thrust during launch, consuming some 97,500 pounds (44.2 metric tons) of pre-packed solid propellant during a burn lasting around 100 seconds, before the booster is jettisoned.

Like the AJ-60A motor, the GEM 63 will have fixed nozzles and ogive nose cone, providing the proper aerodynamic shape to ensure the booster cleanly falls away from the Atlas 5 after burnout.

ULA’s ground processing team rehearsed transportation, handling and mating procedures using an inert GEM 63 motor at the Atlas 5 launch pad in May. The team practiced installing the inert motor on an Atlas 5 first stage inside the Vertical Integration Facility at Cape Canaveral’s Complex 41 launch pad to verify clearances and techniques before working with a real GEM 63 motor next year.

Tory Bruno, ULA’s president and CEO, wrote on Twitter that all Atlas 5 missions will eventually convert over to the new GEM 63 motor. ULA has not said when the company’s inventory of AJ-60A boosters will run out, or identified the final launch with Aerojet Rocketdyne-built solid rocket motors.

Crewed launches with Boeing’s CST-100 Starliner spacecraft will also eventually switch over to the GEM 63 booster, Bruno tweeted in response to a question from Spaceflight Now.

[IMG WIDTH=678 HEIGHT=904]https://mk0spaceflightnoa02a.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/gem63inert.jpg[/IMG]
[SIZE=8pt][B]United Launch Alliance ground teams rehearsed handling and lifting an inert GEM 63 motor earlier this year at the Atlas 5 launch pad at Cape Canaveral. Credit: United Launch Alliance[/B][/SIZE]

Aerojet Rocketdyne’s AJ-60A motor has a flawless record since its first use on the Atlas 5’s third launch in July 2003, with 115 of the boosters flown to date.

ULA announced in 2015 the selection of Orbital ATK — now part of Northrop Grumman — to provide solid rocket boosters for future Atlas 5 launches, and for the next-generation Vulcan Centaur rocket. At the time, ULA said the selection of the GEM 63 rocket motor would “significantly lower the price to ULA and to the U.S. government.”

A lengthened version of the GEM 63 known as the GEM 63XL will fly on ULA’s new Vulcan Centaur rocket, which is scheduled for an inaugural launch in 2021. The Atlas 5 rocket can fly with any number of solid rocket boosters from zero to five, while the Vulcan Centaur will launch in standardized configurations with two or six strap-on motors alongside the rocket’s two Blue Origin BE-4 main engines.

Northrop Grumman’s planned OmegA launcher, which is competing with ULA’s Vulcan Centaur for Air Force contracts, is designed to fly with up to six GEM 63XLT strap-on boosters, another variant of the new GEM 63 solid rocket motor.[/QUOTE]
Orbital ATK next-generation launch vehicle
 
[QUOTE][B][SIZE=13pt]GEM 63 Rocket Motor QM-3 Static Test[/SIZE][/B]

[URL=https://www.youtube.com/user/northropgrummanmedia][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l796G0MLcSf3j_Lhlp3CPOhUKO12ClTiIKwLMQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo[/IMG][/URL] [URL=https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiTTe3mBodoZVGVhQDpEFjg][B]Northrop Grumman[/B][/URL]

[B]15 окт. 2019 г.[/B]

On October 10, we completed the third static test fire of our GEM 63 rocket motor that will be used as a direct replacement for the existing strap-on boosters on United Launch Alliance’s Atlas V rocket. Firing for approximately 101 seconds at our Promontory, Utah, site, the 63-inch diameter motor satisfied additional requirements by the U.S. Air Force.[/QUOTE]
[URL=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xTAJeeWwVgg]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xTAJeeWwVgg[/URL][VIDEO TYPE=YOUTUBE WIDTH=480 HEIGHT=270]https://www.youtube.com/embed/xTAJeeWwVgg[/VIDEO] (1:02)
Стендовые испытания ракет-носителей
 
[QUOTE][B][SIZE=13pt]GEM 63 Rocket Motor QM-3 Static Test[/SIZE][/B]

[URL=https://www.youtube.com/user/northropgrummanmedia][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l796G0MLcSf3j_Lhlp3CPOhUKO12ClTiIKwLMQ=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo[/IMG][/URL] [URL=https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiTTe3mBodoZVGVhQDpEFjg][B]Northrop Grumman[/B][/URL]

[B]15 окт. 2019 г.[/B]

On October 10, we completed the third static test fire of our GEM 63 rocket motor that will be used as a direct replacement for the existing strap-on boosters on United Launch Alliance’s Atlas V rocket. Firing for approximately 101 seconds at our Promontory, Utah, site, the 63-inch diameter motor satisfied additional requirements by the U.S. Air Force.[/QUOTE]
[URL=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xTAJeeWwVgg]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xTAJeeWwVgg[/URL][VIDEO TYPE=YOUTUBE WIDTH=480 HEIGHT=270]https://www.youtube.com/embed/xTAJeeWwVgg[/VIDEO] (1:02)
"Чанъэ-4" (Chang'e-4), посадочный аппарат и луноход – CZ-3B – Сичан (XSLC) – 07.12.2018, 18:24 UTC
 
[QUOTE][URL=https://twitter.com/AJ_FI][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/775988616791203840/0P7PHHY-_bigger.jpg[/IMG] [B]Andrew Jones[/B]‏ @AJ_FI[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/AJ_FI/status/1185944386061905921]14 ч. назад[/URL]

If Yutu-2 can see out day 11 and remain mobile, it will surpass the USSR's Lunokhod 1 rover in terms of longevity (note: Lunokhod 1 covered 10.54 km, Yutu-2 289.77 metres so far. Yutu(-1) lasted 31 months but lost mobility during day 2.).[/QUOTE]
Новое название CHEOPS – CHaracterising ExOPlanets Satellite – 17.12.2019 – 11:54:20 ДМВ
 
Открыта пусковая кампания - [URL=http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/forum12/topic16898/]http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/forum12/topic16898/[/URL]
"Чанъэ-4" (Chang'e-4), посадочный аппарат и луноход – CZ-3B – Сичан (XSLC) – 07.12.2018, 18:24 UTC
 
[QUOTE][URL=https://twitter.com/AJ_FI][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/775988616791203840/0P7PHHY-_bigger.jpg[/IMG] [B]Andrew Jones‏[/B] @AJ_FI[/URL] [URL=https://twitter.com/AJ_FI/status/1185941957929029633]14 ч. назад[/URL]

Chang'e-4: The Sun will rise over Von Kármán crater early Monday UTC, meaning Yutu-2 should be waking up for lunar day 11 of the far side mission on Tuesday. Lander to follow ~24 hours later, on Wednesday.[/QUOTE]
Суборбитальные пуски (научные и экспериментальные)
 
SubTec-8

[URL=https://www.nasa.gov/wallops/2019/feature/nasa-to-test-space-technologies-with-launch-october-22-from-wallops]https://www.nasa.gov/wallops/2019/feature/nasa-to-test-space-technologies-with-launch-october-22-from-wallops[/URL][QUOTE][URL=https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/img_9077.jpg][IMG WIDTH=1042 HEIGHT=320]https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/ubernode_alt_horiz/public/thumbnails/image/img_9077.jpg[/IMG][/URL]

[SIZE=8pt]Oct. 18, 2019[/SIZE]

[SIZE=14pt]NASA to Test Space Technologies with Launch October 22 from Wallops[/SIZE]

[URL=https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/img_9147.jpg][IMG WIDTH=320 HEIGHT=237]https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/side_image/public/thumbnails/image/img_9147.jpg?itok=FSdb1XD_[/IMG][/URL]
[SIZE=8pt]One of four distributed payload communications technology sub-payloads is loaded into the SubTec-8 main payload.
[I][B]Credits: NASA/Berit Bland[/B][/I][/SIZE]

Several space technologies will be put to the test with the launch of a suborbital rocket at 8 p.m., EDT Tuesday, October 22, from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia.

Called Suborbital Technology Experiment Carrier-8 or SubTec-8, the launch is designed to test new technologies to improve the capability of conducting suborbital science missions. Some of these technologies also may be applied to orbital spacecraft.

The launch window for the mission is 8 p.m. to midnight.  Backup launch days are Oct. 23 – 27. The Wallops NASA Visitor Center will open at 7 p.m. for launch viewing. Coverage of the mission will begin at [B][COLOR=#0076a4]7:45 p.m.[/COLOR][/B] on the [URL=https://www.facebook.com/NASAWFF]Wallops Facebook site[/URL]. The launch may be visible in the Chesapeake Bay region.

SubTec-8 will fly on a Terrier-Improved Malemute sounding rocket and is predicted to reach an altitude of [B][COLOR=#00aeef]128 miles[/COLOR][/B] before descending by parachute and landing in the Atlantic Ocean.

“The first SubTec launch occurred in 2005. The technology developed and tested through the program has allowed scientists to continue conducting complex missions with increasing capabilities,” said Cathy Hesh, technology manager for the sounding rocket program office at Wallops.

SubTec-8 technologies include [URL=https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/nasa-sounding-rocket-technology-could-enable-simultaneous-multi-point-measurements-first]distributed payload communications[/URL] that will allow multipoint measurements for scientists to study multiple regions in space simultaneously; a low cost star tracker for assisting in pointing the rocket when taking astronomical observations; and a high data rate encoder that will provide the ability to transmit data from the rocket to the ground four times faster than currently available.

A collaborative effort between Wallops and the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, an autonomous flight termination unit will be flown to develop capabilities, procedures, and tools needed to certify and process an autonomous process as the primary safety system for future launches from Wallops. The unit detects when a rocket is flying off course and directs itself to terminate the flight. For SubTec-8 the unit will not be connected to terminate the rocket flight.

NASA's [URL=http://www.nasa.gov/soundingrockets]Sounding Rockets Program[/URL] is managed at the agency's [URL=http://www.nasa.gov/centers/wallops/home]Wallops Flight Facility[/URL], which is managed by NASA's [URL=https://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/home/index.html]Goddard Space Flight Center[/URL] in Greenbelt, Maryland. NASA's [URL=http://www.nasa.gov/sunearth]Heliophysics Division[/URL] funds the [URL=http://www.nasa.gov/soundingrockets]Sounding Rockets Program[/URL] for the agency.

Image caption: SubTec-8 in the electromagnetic interference test chamber at Wallops. Photo:  NASA/Berit Bland

Keith Koehler
NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility

[I]Last Updated: Oct. 18, 2019
Editor: Patrick Black[/I][/QUOTE]
Суборбитальные пуски (научные и экспериментальные)
 
NOTMAR

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Суборбитальные пуски (научные и экспериментальные)
 


23-27 октября 2019 г.
[B][COLOR=#37b44a]С 00:00 до 03:00 UTC[/COLOR][/B] / [B][COLOR=#ee105a]С 03:00 до 06:00 ДМВ[/COLOR][/B]
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[URL=https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/ten-highlights-from-nasa-s-van-allen-probes-mission]https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/ten-highlights-from-nasa-s-van-allen-probes-mission[/URL][QUOTE][SIZE=8pt]Oct. 17, 2019[/SIZE]

[SIZE=14pt]Ten Highlights Fr om NASA’s Van Allen Probes Mission[/SIZE]

After seven years of operations, and upon finally running out of propellant, the second of the twin Van Allen Probes spacecraft will be retired on Friday, Oct. 18, 2019. Spacecraft A of the Van Allen Probes mission will be shut down by operators at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab in Laurel, Maryland. The command follows one three months previously that [URL=https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/first-of-two-van-allen-probes-spacecraft-ceases-operations]terminated operations for spacecraft B[/URL], the second spacecraft of the mission.

“This mission spent seven years in the radiation belts, and broke all the records for a spacecraft to tolerate and operate in that hazardous region, all with no interruptions,” said Nelofar Mosavi, Van Allen Probes project manager at Johns Hopkins APL. “This mission was about resiliency against the harshest space environment.”

Originally slated for a two-year mission, the spacecraft flew through the Van Allen belts — rings of charged particles trapped by Earth’s magnetic field — to understand how particles were gained and lost by the belts. The spacecraft made major discoveries that revolutionized how we understand our near-Earth environment.

[VIDEO TYPE=YOUTUBE WIDTH=480 HEIGHT=270]https://www.youtube.com/embed/CKUNT2Qshk4[/VIDEO]
[SIZE=8pt]The Van Allen Probes flew through Earth’s geomagnetic field and radiation belts.
[B][I]Credits: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center[/I][/B]
[URL=https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/3951]Download this video in HD formats from NASA Goddard's Scientific Visualization Studio[/URL][/SIZE]

“Van Allen Probe observations have been the subject of over 600 publications to date in refereed journals, and over 55 Ph.D. theses have used Van Allen Probe observations,” said David Sibeck, Van Allen Probes mission scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.

With instruments measuring electromagnetic fields and charged particles, the Van Allen Probes explored the invisible phenomena shepherding particles in and around the belts. It made discoveries about the architecture of the belts and the forces shaping them. Just as ocean storms on Earth can create giant waves, space weather, caused by the Sun, can create plasma waves, wh ere seas of particles are tossed by electromagnetic fields. The Van Allen Probes pioneered new explorations into the dynamics of these waves and their effects on our near-Earth environment.

“The Van Allen Probes rewrote the textbook on radiation belt physics,” said Sasha Ukhorskiy, Van Allen Probes project scientist at Johns Hopkins APL, which also designed and built the spacecraft. “The spacecraft used uniquely capable instruments to unveil radiation belt features that were all but invisible to previous sensors, and discovered many new physical mechanisms of radiation belt acceleration and loss.”

In celebration of the mission’s success, here are ten sel ect discoveries, listed in chronological order, made by the Van Allen Probes.

[LIST]
[*]The Van Allen belts were first discovered in 1958 and for decades scientists thought there were only two concentric belts. But days after the Van Allen Probes launched, scientists discovered that during times of intense solar activity, a [URL=https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/rbsp/news/third-belt.html]third belt[/URL] can form.
[/LIST]
[URL=https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/van_allen_probes_discov_new_rad_belt_cal_print.jpg][IMG WIDTH=985 HEIGHT=554]https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/styles/full_width/public/thumbnails/image/van_allen_probes_discov_new_rad_belt_cal_print.jpg?itok=ghPzGs3w[/IMG][/URL]
[SIZE=8pt]Van Allen Probes image showing three radiation belts first seen around Earth in 2012.
[B][I]Credits: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory[/I][/B][/SIZE]

[LIST]
[*]The belts, which are composed of charged particles and electromagnetic fields, can be energized by different types of plasma waves. One type, called electrostatic double layers, appear as short blips of enhanced electric field. During one observing period, [URL=https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.235002]Probe B saw 7,000 such blips[/URL] repeatedly pass over the spacecraft in a single minute. These individually small events added up to one million volts over six minutes, capable of accelerating electrons up toward the relativistic energies commonly seen in radiation belt particles.
[/LIST][LIST]
[*]During big space weather storms, which are ultimately caused by activity on the Sun, ions — electrically charged atoms or molecules — can be [URL=https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014JA020096]pushed deep into Earth’s magnetosphere[/URL] in a series of impulsive events. These particles carry electromagnetic currents that circle around the planet and can dramatically distort Earth’s magnetic field.
[/LIST]

[VIDEO TYPE=YOUTUBE WIDTH=480 HEIGHT=270]https://www.youtube.com/embed/CKlho5eXuLQ[/VIDEO]
[SIZE=8pt]On March 17, 2015, Van Allen Probe A detected a pulse of high energy electrons in the radiation belts, generated by the impact of a recent coronal mass ejection striking Earth's magnetosphere. The gradient drift speed of the electron pulse was high enough, that it propagated completely around Earth and was detected by the spacecraft again as the pulse spread out in the radiation belt. Because the particles have a range of energies, the pulse spread out as it moved around Earth, generating a weaker signal the next time it hit the spacecraft.
[B][I]Credits: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center[/I][/B]
[URL=https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/12328]Download this video in HD formats from NASA Goddard's Scientific Visualization Studio[/URL][/SIZE]

[LIST]
[*]Across space, fluctuating electric and magnetic fields can create what are known as plasma waves. These waves intensify during space weather storms and can accelerate particles to relativistic speeds. The Van Allen Probes [URL=https://www.nature.com/articles/nature14515]found[/URL] that one type of plasma wave known as hiss can contribute greatly to the loss of electrons from the belts.
[/LIST][LIST]
[*]The Van Allen belts are composed of electrons and ions with a range of energies. In 2015, research from the Van Allen Probes [URL=https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2014GL062874]found[/URL] that, unlike the outer belt, there were no electrons with energies greater than a million electron volts in the inner belt.
[/LIST][LIST]
[*]Plasma waves known as whistler chorus waves are also common in our near-Earth environment. These waves can travel parallel or at an angle to the local magnetic field. The Van Allen Probes [URL=https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/2016GL071250]demonstrated[/URL] the two types of waves cannot be present simultaneously, resulting in greater radiation belt particle scattering in certain areas.
[/LIST][LIST]
[*]Very low frequency chorus waves, another variety of plasma waves, can pump up the energy of electrons to millions of electron volts. During storm conditions, the Van Allen Probes found these waves can hugely increase the energy of particles in the belts in [URL=https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016JA023429]just a few hours. [/URL]
[/LIST][LIST]
[*]Scientists often use computer simulation models to understand the physics behind certain phenomena. [URL=https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018JA025506]A model[/URL] simulating particles in the Van Allen belts helped scientists understand how particles can be lost, replenished and trapped by the Earth’s magnetic field.
[/LIST][LIST]
[*]The Van Allen Probes observed several cases of extremely energetic ions speeding toward Earth. [URL=https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018JA025556]Research[/URL] found that these ions’ acceleration was connected to their electric charge and not to their mass.
[/LIST][LIST]
[*]The Sun emits faster and slower gusts of charged particles called the solar wind. Since the Sun rotates, these gusts — the fast wind — reach Earth periodically. Changes in these gusts cause the extent of region of cold ionized gas around Earth — the plasmasphere — to shrink. Data fr om the Van Allen Probes [URL=https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2018JA026365]showed[/URL] that such changes in the plasmasphere fluctuated at the same rate as the solar rotation ­— every 27 days.
[/LIST]
[B][I]By [URL=mailto:mara.johnson-groh@nasa.gov]Mara Johnson-Groh[/URL]
[URL=http://www.nasa.gov/goddard]NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center[/URL], Greenbelt, Md.[/I][/B]

[I]Last Updated: Oct. 17, 2019
Editor: Rob Garner[/I][/QUOTE]
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[QUOTE][B][SIZE=13pt]NASA Astronauts Complete All-Woman Spacewalk[/SIZE][/B]

[URL=https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAtelevision][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-ftrZQ3lNBQnSCTvbUkAPpjPumepat4S0wGg=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo[/IMG][/URL] [URL=https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLA_DiR1FfKNvjuUpBHmylQ][B]NASA[/B][/URL]

[B]17 окт. 2019 г.[/B]

On Friday, Oct. 18, NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir completed NASA's first all-woman spacewalk. During the 7-hour, 17-minute spacewalk, the pair replaced a failed power controller and completed several other tasks in preparation for future spacewalks.[/QUOTE]
[URL=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iji5hTQ3CUo]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iji5hTQ3CUo[/URL][VIDEO TYPE=YOUTUBE WIDTH=480 HEIGHT=270]https://www.youtube.com/embed/Iji5hTQ3CUo[/VIDEO] (7:52:38)
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[QUOTE][B][SIZE=13pt]President Trump Congratulates All Woman Spacewalk Crew[/SIZE][/B]

[URL=https://www.youtube.com/user/NASAtelevision][IMG WIDTH=48 HEIGHT=48]https://yt3.ggpht.com/a/AGF-l7-ftrZQ3lNBQnSCTvbUkAPpjPumepat4S0wGg=s88-c-k-c0xffffffff-no-rj-mo[/IMG][/URL] [URL=https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLA_DiR1FfKNvjuUpBHmylQ][B]NASA[/B][/URL]

[B]18 окт. 2019 г.[/B]

Aboard the International Space Station, Expedition 61 crew members Christina Koch and Jessica Meir received a congratulatory call Oct. 18 from President Trump and Ivanka Trump following the women’s completion of their spacewalk, the first all-female spacewalk in history. During Koch and Meir’s historic spacewalk, they replaced a faulty battery charging unit on the station’s far port truss associated with new lithium-ion batteries installed to upgrade the station’s power system.[/QUOTE]
[URL=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TOJZ_wyEODU]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TOJZ_wyEODU[/URL][VIDEO TYPE=YOUTUBE WIDTH=480 HEIGHT=270]https://www.youtube.com/embed/TOJZ_wyEODU[/VIDEO] (4:39)
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