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по названию А-я Я-а
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MoondustIn Search of the Men Who Fell to Earth
Few human inventions are associated with the future more than rockets. They have enabled humans to escape the gravitational bonds of Earth and fly to the Moon and beyond. Rockets have placed satellites into orbit that let us view our planet from a perspective impossible from the ground. Instead of seeing no farther than the horizon around us, we can see our entire world in a single glance. Rockets have saved the lives of shipwreck victims—and cost lives during war. Rockets will someday carry humans to Mars and other planets and allow us to mine asteroids for metals and minerals. Perhaps they will save our world from the impact of an asteroid. Rockets of one kind or another may even carry us to the stars. Rockets have been a symbol of the future for so long that it is surprising just how old and primitive they are. Rockets are actually very simple devices. In their most basic form, they have no moving parts. In fact, other than a tube of fuel that is closed at one end, the simplest rockets might not have any parts at all. Rockets operate by the application of one of the most basic laws of nature: for every action there is an equal but opposite reaction. Rockets were probably invented by accident in China nearly two thousand years ago. That is where the story of rockets begins.
NASA Plan for Commercial LEO
Development to achieve a robust low-Earth orbit economy from which NASA can purchase services as one of many customers Summary and Near-Term Implementation Plans
NASA Space Shuttle 1981 onwards all models
Praxis Manned Spaceflight Log 1961 - 2006
Psychology of Space Exploration
This e-book explores some of the contributions of psychology to yesterday's great space race, today's orbiter and International Space Station missions, and tomorrow's journeys beyond Earth's orbit. Early missions into space were typically brief, and crews were small, often drawn from a single nation. As an intensely competitive space race has given way to international cooperation over the decades, the challenges of communicating across cultural boundaries and dealing with interpersonal conflicts have become increasingly important, requiring different coping skills and sensibilities from "the right stuff" of early astronauts.
Project ApolloThe Tough Decisions
NASA SP-2005-4537. Monographs in Aerospace History Series No. 37. Presents the history of the manned space program from September 1, 1960 to January 5, 1968. Outlines chronologically and in detail the steps taken from the early Mercury days through the operation tests conducted with Gemini, to the qualification of Apollo. Describes the key technical, operational, and management milestones and how key issues in each phase of the space program were resolved.
Reference guide to the International Space StationAssembly complete ed.
Assembly of the International Space Station (ISS) is a remarkable achievement. Since November 2, 2000, humankind has maintained a continuous presence in space. Over this timespan, the ISS International Partnership has flourished. We have learned much about construction and about how humans and spacecraft systems function on orbit. But there is much more to do and learn, and this voyage of research and discovery is just beginning. We now shift our focus from ISS assembly to full ISS utilization for scientific research, technology development, exploration, commerce, and education. We need to approach this next research phase with the same dedication, zeal, and innovation that we used to assemble the ISS. United States research concentrates on biology, human research, physical science and materials, Earth and space science, and technology for exploration beyond low-Earth orbit. As a national laboratory, the ISS is beginning to provide new opportunities for other agencies, academia, and commercial and other partners to pursue novel avenues of research and development, and to promote science, technology, engineering, and math education. We cannot now foresee all that may be uncovered on this voyage, but we look forward to the voyage and returning knowledge to extend the human presence beyond and improve life here on Earth
Salyut - The First Space Station: Triumph and Tragedy
Spaceflight in the Shuttle Era and Beyond RedefiningHumanity’sPurpose in Space
A book on spacefl ight began to form in my mind when the space shuttle and my career launched simultaneously; my professional life spans the shuttle era. For thirty-plus years, I have worked in various roles on the periphery of the ambitious endeavor of human spacefl ight. What has that meant? Th e question is both biographical and cultural. Th is book is my eff ort to discern the cultural meaning of human spacefl ight—its formation and transformations—in this era. I completed graduate school in interdisciplinary American studies in the 1970s under the infl uence of the “myth and symbol” tradition of intellectual and cultural history. Th is approach to American culture through the humanities analyzed the history of ideas and their synthesis in literature and the arts to illuminate broad themes in American experience and thought. From the social sciences and history of science came other intellectually fertile concepts for understanding how meaning is created, understood, codifi ed, and modifi ed; “paradigm shifts,” “social construction,” “framing,” and “imaginaries” entered the scholarly lexicon. Innovative scholarship and analytical trends in humanities and social sciences research continue to invigorate the study of American culture. Conceptual tools and terminology keep changing, but understanding what things mean and how meaning shifts remains a priority. Educated and predisposed to seek connections between ideas and images, and to read icons as their incarnation, I off er this book in the ever renewing and expanding tradition of culture studies. My focus of inquiry here is a particular American enterprise: human spacefl ight in the shuttle era and beyond. In search of its meaning, I explore where answers may be discovered by examining its texts and images and icons, the motives of people and institutions that shaped and spread them, and representations of spacefl ight in the broader community. I study its science, technology, and rhetoric. I trace its ebbs and fl ows and persistence. I approach spacefl ight as a cultural text and iconography to be probed and revealed. Emerging from academics, in the 1980s I worked as a writer-editor under contracts with NASA to support a variety of shuttle missions and science programs. I spent much of my time and energy with mission managers and scientists, jointly creating publications to explain human spacefl ight and scientifi c activities to the public. My job was essentially translation, crafting language and imagery to communicate from a specialized technical world to the world at large. Since I joined the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum as a space historian and curator in 1989, I have continued such communication with the public through various channels, notably exhibitions and programs about spacefl ight. Spending three decades working in space history as it happens is certainly a spur to analysis and refl ection. And so, this book has its origins in my professional experiences where personal narrative intersects with a compelling cultural narrative. Conversant in academic traditions and in spacefl ight, I off er here an interdisciplinary perspective on an endeavor that ranges beyond technology, operations, and policy. Human spacefl ight means more than that.
Space Flight. The First 30 Years
В брошюре описаны американские пилотируемые полёты в космос.
Space Food and Nutrition
Space food research meets the challenge of providing food that tastes good and travels well in space. The activities in this NASA educator guide for grades K-8 emphasize hands-on and cooperative involvement of students as they explore the unique problems of keeping astronauts happy and healthy in space. Космическая еда должна отвечать двум требованиям: быть вкусной и выдерживать экстремальные космические условия. В этом руководстве для учителей, изданном НАСА, акцент ставится на практическом и активном участии учащихся по мере изучения ими уникальных задач по сохранению у астронавтов здоровья и хорошего настроения во время космических полётов.
Space RescueEnsuring the Safety of Manned Spacecraft
In Space Rescue: Ensuring the Safety of Manned Spacecraft, author David J. Shayler reviews the development of crew survival and escape methods from the earliest designs of manned spacecraft to the current discussions of systems for ISS and on to the future prospect of sending men and women out towards Mars. David Shayler reviews the numerous proposed systems of crew rescue and also analyses the adopted systems of ejection seats, escape towers and abort profiles during the ascent from Earth to space, including the safety requirements and contingency procedures available during various mission profiles to get the crew safely back to Earth. The author also examines the various wilderness training programs and abort simulations used to help prepare the crews for almost any unplanned and emergency contingency they may face during their mission. В книге рассматриваются методы аварийного спасения и посадки космических кораблей, начиная с первых проектов пилотируемых кораблей и заканчивая нынешними системами для МКС, а также будущими кораблями, призванными отправить людей на Марс.
Space Shuttle Challenger. Ten Journeys into the Unknown / Шаттл "Челленджер".
Ironically, the loss of Challenger in January 1986 fired my interest in space exploration more than any other single event. I was nine years old. My parents were, at the time, midway through moving house and, luckily, the TV was one of the few domestic items still to be packed. I watched the entire horror unfold live on all of the network stations. Admittedly, my fascination with rockets and astronauts, stars and planets had begun several years earlier, but Challenger's destruction turned it from an occasional hobby to a fascination which has remained with me ever since. In September 1988, aged 11,1 came home from school to watch STS-26 return the Shuttle fleet to orbital operations. Five years later, I gave a speech on the STS-51L disaster to my teacher as part of my GCSE English assessment. Another decade passed and, now a teacher myself, I returned to my school one cold Monday morning to explain to my pupils what had happened to Challenger's sister ship, Columbia, a few days earlier. «Челленджер» (англ. Challenger — «Бросающий вызов») — многоразовый транспортный космический корабль НАСА, второй спейс шаттл; был передан в эксплуатацию НАСА в июле 1982 года. Шаттл «Челленджер» был назван по имени морского судна, которое исследовало океан в 1870-е годы. В НАСА, шаттл «Челленджер» имел обозначение — OV-99 (Orbiter Vehicle — 99). Изначально он предназначался только для испытательных целей, но затем был переоборудован и подготовлен для космических полётов. Первый полёт «Челленджер» совершил 4 апреля 1983 года. В общей сложности выполнил 9 успешных миссий. Потерпел катастрофу при десятом запуске 28 января 1986 года. История космического корабля многоразового использования "Челленджер".
Space Shuttle Columbia - Her Missions and Crews
Space Shuttle Launch System 1972-2004
The Space Shuttle is one of the oldest and most famous manned launch systems and the only launch vehicle that has been used for a longer period of time is the Soviet (now Russian) R-7 booster. By the start of the third millennium, the Space Shuttle had carried crews into space over 85 times. Although not a military structure, the Shuttle had been sold as an all-purpose launch system to be used jointly for military and civilian purposes. Featuring full-colour photos throughout, this book covers the design, development and operational history of a unique vehicle.
Spacewalk: The Astounding Gemini 4 Mission (American Space Missions-Astronauts, Exploration, and Discovery
The Apollo 13 MissionOvercoming Adversity
This businesslike profile of the spacecraft's anything-but-routine course won't keep readers riveted the way the Tom Hanks movie will, but it does put the mission into historical context while providing a compact history of the first decade or so of our space program. Hasday describes that program's genesis and development, introduces the astronauts assigned to Apollo 13, and then takes readers through the disastrous mission, from liftoff to reentry. Her tone is, to say the least, dispassionate: "[Haise] wandered over to the LM's window, hoping to get a good view of the receding moon, when suddenly he heard a 'thump-bang-shudder' similar to the one they'd heard during the explosion. ... As it turned out, the battery had exploded. But even counting the sharp reduction of power, this latest problem was not life threatening." Black-and-white photos include formal portraits, slightly blurry shots taken aboard the spacecraft, and views of calm-looking, crewcut men working the boards at Mission Control. Unlike other accounts for young people, this is not all recycled material; the author appends a transcript of an interview with Apollo 13's Lead Flight Director, Gene Kranz. His sometimes-unexpected comments about the mission and his role in its rescue may prompt older readers to look up his book, Failure Is Not an Option: Mission Control from Mercury to Apollo 13 and Beyond (S & S, 2000). Students more interested in information than an adrenaline rush will find Hasday's title valuable.
Toward a History of the Space Shuttle: An Annotated Bibliography Part 2,
This annotated bibliography is a continuation of Toward a History of the Space Shuttle: An Annotated Bibliography, published by NASA in December 1992. (This publication is available here.) This volume includes key articles, books, hearings, and U.S. government publications published on the Shuttle between 1992 and the end of the Shuttle program in 2011. The material is arranged according to theme, including: general works, precursors to the Shuttle, the decision to build the Space Shuttle, its design and development, operations, and management of the Space Shuttle program. Other topics covered include: the Challenger and Columbia accidents, as well as the use of the Space Shuttle in building and servicing the Hubble Space Telescope and the International Space Station; science on the Space Shuttle; commercial and military uses of the Space Shuttle; and the Space Shuttle's role in international relations, including its use in connection with the Soviet Mir space station. This volume also includes juvenile literature on the Shuttle, as well as information about the Shuttle astronauts, memoirs about the Shuttle, and the end of the Space Shuttle program. A glossary of NASA abbreviations is included as well.
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