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по названию А-я Я-а
по автору А-я Я-а
The Kremlin and the Cosmos
"Эта книга представляет собой обзор советских космических усилий в долгосрочной перспективе. Несомненно, она должна иметь свои недостатки, особенно там, где по-прежнему является отсутствие адекватных, открытых советских документаций." Она основана на советской ежедневной прессе, специализированных журналах, стенограмм радиопередач — и на информации, так называемых инсайдеров, особенно Г. А. Токати-Токаева (интервью с автором в приложении). Как видно теперь, много информации, предоставленной Токати-Токаевом не являются верной. — Эта книга является одной из ранних попыток западных наблюдателей раскрыть секреты советской космической программы.
The New Space Race: China vs. USA
The world’s most populous nation views space as an asset, not only from a technological and commercial perspective but also from a political one. The repercussions of this ideology already extend far beyond Washington. China vs. the United States explores future Chinese aspirations in space and the implications of a looming space race. Dr. Seedhouse provides background information on the fifteen-year history of the China National Space Administration and its long list of accomplishments. Sino-U.S. technological and commercial interests in space are discussed, including their interest in encouraging a potential space race. The national security objectives of the U.S. and China are also examined.
The soviet space challenge
The Total Novice’s Guide ToThe Secret Space ProgramWhat You Need To Know…
PUBLISHER’S NOTICE: While the publisher has made every effort to be accurate and to contact all original copyright holders for permission to quote or otherwise use material, it is possible that some omissions or errors have crept in. It will be much appreciated if any such omissions or errors are brought to the publisher's attention so that corrections can be made to the next edition. All rights reserved under international and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. The Total Novice's Guide To The Secret Space Program is copyrighted 2017 by T. L. Keller. No part of this product may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the permission in writing from the publisher. 2FS is a trademark of 2FS, LLC. At no time will 2FS, LLC or T. L. Keller be held liable for indirect or consequential damages resulting from the use of this product such as mental illness, suicide or divorce. Flammable contents under political pressure. Do not mutilate, puncture or incinerate. Do not use in temperatures exceeding 120˚ F. Dispose of in accordance with all federal, state and local regulations. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after using product. Always get prompt medical attention for any ill effects that persist or appear later. Keep out of reach of children and the deranged.
The True Story of the Atomic Spaceship
"Эта книга является историей проекта Орион. В 1957 году небольшая группа ученых во главе с физиком Теодором В. Тейлором и в том числе моим отцом, Фриманом Дж. Дайсоном, начала серьезную попытку построить межпланетный корабль, приводимый в движение атомными бомбами. "История основана на многих документах, в настоящее время рассекреченных, а также на интервью с участниками проекта. В конце автор резюмирует: "Орион был слишком амбициозным скачком для 1958 года, обе стороны в дискуссии были правы - ядерное горючее преждевременно, но ядерно-импульсный двигатель вернется".
The Twenty-first Century in Space
This final entry in the History of Human Space Exploration mini-series by Ben Evans continues with an in-depth look at the latter part of the 20th century and the start of the new millennium. Picking up where Partnership in Space left off, the story commemorating the evolution of manned space exploration unfolds in further detail. More than fifty years after Yuri Gagarin’s pioneering journey into space, Evans extends his overview of how that momentous voyage continued through the decades which followed. The Twenty-first Century in Space, the sixth book in the series, explores how the fledgling partnership between the United States and Russia in the 1990s gradually bore fruit and laid the groundwork for today’s International Space Station. The narrative follows the convergence of the Shuttle and Mir programs, together with standalone missions, including servicing the Hubble Space Telescope, many of whose technical and human lessons enabled the first efforts to build the ISS in orbit. The book also looks to the future of developments in the 21st century.
Thunder Over The Horizon. From V-2 Rockets to Ballistic Missiles
HISTORY IS FILLED WITH examples of new weapons and technologies that have revolutionized warfare. Man’s introduction of gunpowder, the airplane, and other discoveries have changed the nature of warfare forever. Ballistic missiles have done the same since World War II. These new weapons have provided a nation the capability to bypass the battlefield and hit a capital city or strategic target with relative impunity. Ballistic missiles, coupled with nuclear weapons, have made profound changes to international relations, regional balances of power, and how countries think about conflict. Whole national strategies have been devised to incorporate their effects and how a state should treat an enemy who possesses them. The United States and the former Soviet Union developed and controlled vast missile inventories that threatened mutual annihilation all within thirty minutes. Fortunately, these weapons were never used, but their legacy continues to haunt the world. The cold war ended with the United States and countries from the former Soviet Union trying to disarm their strategic nuclear force. However, these delivery systems have found new lives among nations wishing to influence regional and global rivals. Today, one can see these weapon systems and others in North Korean and Iranian arsenals. Some countries have acquired ballistic missiles to expand their ability to hit only battlefield targets and treat them as mere extensions of field artillery. Others have sought them as a way to counter an existing threat that they could not counter with conventional weapons. These weapons also offer a path to expand technologies to allow for space launches or a means to demonstrate national pride. Ballistic missile development and deployment offer a wide range of ways to enhance a country’s military, political, and economic capabilities. Книга представляет обзор конструкций ракет от V-2 до современных баллистических ракет. От первой в мире баллистической ракеты Фау-2 (V-2) до современных образцов ракетной техники.
Unmanned Spacecraft of the United States
In 1957 the first earth satellite ushered in the age of space flight. Since that historic event, space exploration has become a major national objective of both the United States and the Soviet Union. These two nations have attempted a total of well over 200 space flight missions. Other nations are also participating in various degrees in what will continue to grow as a cooperative world effort. In the years since 1957, man has successfully flown in earth orbit. He has initiated programs to land on the moon and return. He has made dramatic applications of earth satellites in meteorology, communications, navigation, and geodesy.
U.S.-Soviet Cooperation in Space
V-1_Flying_Bomb1942–52Hitler’s infamous “doodlebug”
Virgin GalacticThe First Ten Years
This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifi cally the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfi lms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed. Exempted from this legal reservation are brief excerpts in connection with reviews or scholarly analysis or material supplied specifi cally for the purpose of being entered and executed on a computer system, for exclusive use by the purchaser of the work. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the Copyright Law of the Publisher’s location, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer. Permissions for use may be obtained through RightsLink at the Copyright Clearance Center. Violations are liable to prosecution under the respective Copyright Law. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specifi c statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. While the advice and information in this book are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication, neither the authors nor the editors nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology, 1997–2011 Volume 2
Following the first volume of Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology, which recounted the period from the first spacewalks in 1965 to the end of the Shuttle-Mir program in 1997, this second volume of Walking to Olympus spans the period from 1997 to the end of the Space Shuttle Program in 2011. It includes not only spacewalks performed by American and European astronauts and the Russian/Soviet cosmonauts, but also those of the newest members of the EVA community, the taikonauts of the People’s Republic of China. Several key events and themes from this period include the building of the ISS, the servicing of the Hubble Space Telescope, and the STS-107 Columbia accident. The publication of this second EVA chronology follows two major anniversaries of significance to the spaceflight community: the 50th anniversary of the first EVA and the 25th anniversary of the Hubble Space Telescope. The phrase “Walking to Olympus” is a symbolic expression of humans inevitably landing on Mars and exploring the planet, including Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in our solar system.
X-15: Extending the Frontiers of Flight / X-15:
The X-15 was an airplane of accelerations. When an X-15 pilot looks back on his X-15 flights, it is the accelerations he remembers. The first of these sensations was the acceleration due to B-52 lift, which held the X-15 at launch altitude and prevented it from falling to Earth. When the X-15 pilot hit the launch switch, the B-52 lift was no longer accessible to the X-15. The X-15 fell at the acceleration due to Earth's gravity, which the pilot recognized as "free fall" or "zero g." Only when the pilot started the engine and put some "g" on the X-15 was this sensation of falling relieved. The next impression encountered on the X-15 flight came as the engine lit, just a few seconds after launch. A 33,000-pound airplane was accelerated by a 57,000-lbf engine, resulting in a chest-to-back acceleration of almost 2 g. Then, as the propellant burned away and the atmosphere thinned with increasing altitude, the chest-to-back acceleration increased and the drag caused by the atmosphere lessened. For a standard altitude mission (250,000 feet), the weight and thrust were closer to 15,000 pounds and 60,000-lbf at shutdown, resulting in almost 4-g chest-to-back acceleration. The human body is not stressed for 4 g chest to back, and by shutdown the boost was starting to get a little painful. Milt Thompson once observed that the X- 15 was the only aircraft he had ever flown where he was glad when the engine quit. X-15 — экспериментальный самолёт, оснащённый ракетными двигателями. Основная задача Х-15 — изучение условий полета на гиперзвуковых скоростях и входа в атмосферу крылатых аппаратов, оценка новых конструкторских решений, теплозащитных покрытий, психофизиологических аспектов управления в верхних слоях атмосферы. Общая концепция проекта была утверждена в 1954 г. В конкурсе на создание ракетоплана приняли участие четыре промышленные компании Bell Aircraft, McDonnell Douglas, Republic Aviation Company, North American Aviation, последняя в итоге стала победителем. Высота полёта до 107 км, скорость до М=6,72 Стартовал с воздушного авианосца на базе стратегического бомбардировщика «Б-52» (подвешивался под крылом), отцепка от носителя производилась на высоте порядка 15 км, приземлялся самостоятельно на авиабазе, расположенной на дне высохшего соляного озера. Всего по программе Х-15 было выполнено 199 полётов. Рекордным полётом, совершённым по программе Х-15, стал полёт пилота Джо Уолкера (Joe Walker) 22 августа 1963 года.
X-15 Flight manual
X-15 — экспериментальный самолёт, оснащённый ракетными двигателями. Основная задача Х-15 — изучение условий полета на гиперзвуковых скоростях и входа в атмосферу крылатых аппаратов, оценка новых конструкторских решений, теплозащитных покрытий, психофизиологических аспектов управления в верхних слоях атмосферы. Общая концепция проекта была утверждена в 1954 г. В конкурсе на создание ракетоплана приняли участие четыре промышленные компании Bell Aircraft, McDonnell Douglas, Republic Aviation Company, North American Aviation, последняя в итоге стала победителем. Высота полёта до 107 км, скорость до М=6,72. Стартовал с воздушного авианосца на базе стратегического бомбардировщика «Б-52» (подвешивался под крылом), отцепка от носителя производилась на высоте порядка 15 км, приземлялся самостоятельно на авиабазе, расположенной на дне высохшего соляного озера. Всего по программе Х-15 было выполнено 199 полётов. Рекордным полётом, совершённым по программе Х-15, стал полёт пилота Joe Walker 22 августа 1963 года. This utility Flight Manual is the result of extensive research and analysis of engineering data. It contains the necessary information for safe and efficient operation of the X-15 Airplane. Information involving safety of flight will be disseminated by means of the regular Safety of Flight Supplement program. You can determine the status of Safety of Flight Supplements by referring to the Safety of Flight Supplement Index, Т. О. 0-1-1A. The title page of the Flight Manual and title block of each Safety of Flight Supplement should also be checked to determine the effect that these publications may have on existing Safety of Flight Supplements. The manual is divided into six separate sections, each containing its own table of contents. The research program for which this airplane was designed requires that each individual mission be precisely preplanned. Consequently, standard performance data is not included in this manual. The Flight Manual does not discuss in detail certain complex units installed in the airplane, nor does it necessarily contain information on the use or operation of test equipment. Эта инструкция (РЛЭ) является результатом обширного исследования и анализа инженерных данных. Она содержит необходимую информацию для безопасной и эффективной работы самолета X-15.
X-15 Research Results
In a period of a little more than sixty years since the first flight of the Wright Brothers, man's exploration of three-dimensional space above the surface of the Earth has extended beyond the atmosphere. Spectacular and exciting events in this dramatic quest have been well publicized. Behind these milestones of practical flight have been less publicized achievements in scientific research, making such progress possible. Although the X–15 has had its share of newsworthy milestones, its contributions to scientific research have been a more essential and more meaningful part of the program from its inception. This semi-technical summary of the X–15 program is directed toward the less publicized aspects of its achievements.
X-15: The World's Fastest Rocket Plane and the Pilots Who Ushered in the Space Age
In X-15, the exciting story of the X-15 - the iconic rocket plane of the Cold War space race - is recounted by John Anderson, curator of aerodynamics at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. This experimental space plane was on the cutting edge of hypersonic aerodynamics, and its winged reentry from space foreshadowed the development of the Space Shuttle decades later. Launched from the wing of a modified B-52 bomber - again foretelling a concept that would be used decades later, in this case by Space Ship One and Space Ship Two - the ship rocketed higher and faster than any manned aircraft of the time. Designed to approach seven times the speed of sound, it was the first hypersonic aircraft ever created and was engineered to function both in the Earth's atmosphere and at the edge of space. Illustrated with period NASA and USAF photographs, as well as exclusive Smithsonian photography of the first of three X-15s built, X-15 captures the risks and dangers of the X-15 program as Anderson follows the test pilots (including Neil Armstrong) who pushed the very limits of their piloting skills to master groundbreaking experimental technology. Even with the fatal crash of the third X-15, the overall success of the program helped pave the way for NASA to continue to the Moon - and this is the definitive, expertly curated, and beautifully illustrated account of its development.
Unmanned Space Project Management: Surveyor and Lunar Orbiter
One of the valuable by-products of the U S. space program is the body of knowledge concerning management of large complex development project activities. The brief span of years since the formation of NASA has witnessed the rapid evolution of a variety of systems and techniques for directing the combined efforts of thousands of individuals cooperating in closeknit programs in which Government, university, and private industry play mutually reinforcing roles. Many of the major learning experiences, such as those in the Apollo management system, have been applied to other activities within NASA. There has been only limited effort, however, to distill the generalized management experience gained in other NASA projects for application outside the space agency itself. In recognition of the need for continuous improvement and refinement of management techniques, NASA commissioned the National Academy of Public Administration to conduct a study of the management of the Surveyor and Lunar Orbiter projects, two of the major NASA precursors of the Apollo program. The study was designed to provide an analytical record supplementing the relatively limited case literature on the practical aspects of such management activity. An objective record of the significant milestones in the management of these two endeavors, it was felt, would help to inform both managers currently engaged in such activity and those who will assume such responsibilities in the future.
When Biospheres Collide: A History of NASA's Planetary Protection Programs
Each time a space vehicle visits another world it runs the risk of forever changing that extraterrestrial environment. We are surrounded on Earth by a mélange of different microorganisms, and if some of these hitchhike onboard a space mission, they could contaminate and start colonies on a different planet. Such an occurrence would irrevocably alter the nature of that world, compromise all future scientific exploration of the body, and possibly damage any extant life on it. And by inadvertently carrying exotic organisms back to Earth on our spacecraft, we risk the release of biohazardous materials into our own ecosystem. This book presents the history of planetary protection by tracing the responses to the above concerns on NASA's missions to the Moon, Mars, Venus, Jupiter, Saturn, and many smaller bodies of our solar system.
100 великих рекордов авиации и космонавтики
Эта книга — о том, как человек, вопреки своей биологической природе, не давшей ему крыльев, в дерзновенных исканиях сумел подняться над землей. Легендарные воздухоплаватели древности и изобретатели аэростатов, герои, пытавшиеся на хрупком дирижабле достичь Северного полюса, первые пилоты, — без их подвига не было бы нынешнего триумфа авиации и космонавтики. Читатель узнает, как бесстрашные летчики-стратонавты еще до полета Юрия Гагарина вышли на границу с космосом, какие легенды окружают авиацию Третьего рейха и историю первых космонавтов, какими будут космические станции и корабли в уже наступающую эпоху межпланетных перелетов.
100 великих тайн космонавтики
Вы ошибаетесь, если полагаете, что мечта о покорении космоса и о межпланетных путешествиях зародилась в XIX–XX веках. Уже жрецы Древнего Вавилона и китайские астрономы около 5000 лет тому назад имели первичные представления о космосе и небесных телах. Фалес из Милета (VI век до н. э.), которого часто называют отцом греческой астрономии, основал школу, где, вероятно, впервые заговорили о том, что планета наша вовсе не плоская. А другой греческий ученый, Аристарх, в 280 году до н. э. даже попытался измерить относительное удаление Солнца и Луны от Земли…
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