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https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/heat-shield-for-first-artemis-mission-with-astronauts-arrives-at-kennedy
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July 11, 2019

Heat Shield for First Artemis Mission with Astronauts Arrives at Kennedy



The state-of-the-art heat shield, measuring roughly 16 feet in diameter, which will protect astronauts upon re-entry on the second mission of Artemis, arrived this week at Kennedy Space Center in Florida for assembly and integration with the Orion crew module. Artemis 2, the first crewed mission in the series of missions to the Moon and on to Mars, will confirm all of the spacecraft’s systems operate as designed in the actual environment of deep space with astronauts aboard.

The large piece of flight hardware arrived fr om Lockheed Martin’s manufacturing facility near Denver aboard the NASA Super Guppy aircraft on July 9 and was transported to the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout facility high bay wh ere work will take place on July 10. Currently, the heat shield is a base titanium truss structure or skeleton. Over the next several months, technicians will apply Avcoat, an ablative material that will provide the thermal protection.

Photo credit: NASA/Glenn Benson

Last Updated: July 11, 2019
Editor: Linda Herridge
 
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Camera Captures Orion Abort Test Mid-Air

NASA Johnson

Опубликовано: 12 июл. 2019 г.

During the successful test of Orion’s launch abort system, known as Ascent Abort-2, a camera mounted on a ring connecting the crew module and launch abort system to its booster captured a view of Orion escaping the booster. After the booster separated, its motor continued to burn for several seconds and maintained stability, which allowed for a clear, mid-air view of the Orion elements continuing to execute the abort test. About 27 seconds after the abort is initiated and the Orion elements separate from the booster, the launch abort system’s jettison motor is seen firing, releasing the capsule. The July 2 test demonstrated the Orion’s launch abort system works during high-stress aerodynamic conditions and can pull the capsule to safety if an emergency ever arises during launch. The test was a critical milestone needed to help pave the way for Artemis missions with astronauts.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0mVyxtFIvj4 (1:59)
 
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_and_Robotic_Exploration/Orion/Third­_European_service_module_for_Orion_to_ferry_astronauts_on_Mo­on_landing
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Orion and European Service Module orbiting the Moon

THIRD EUROPEAN SERVICE MODULE FOR ORION TO FERRY ASTRONAUTS ON MOON LANDING

17 July 2019
NASA and ESA have a long term plan for Europe to deliver a the European Service Module for the Orion spacecraft. With NASA’s announcement to bring humans back to lunar surface before the end of 2024, it also decided that the third ESA-provided European Service Module will contribute to this mission.


Orion docked to Gateway

The Artemis-3 mission is slated to launch on NASA’s Space Launch System in 2024 and will send up to four astronauts on-board Orion to a lunar orbit where the spacecraft will dock at the planed Gateway. Fr om there two of the astronauts will board a lander to ride down to South Pole of the Moon.

ESA has already supplied the first European Service Module that is being connected to Orion’s Crew Module this month. The second module is being built in Bremen, Germany, for shipment next year to USA.

Third mission: landing on the Moon


The agreement gives the go-ahead to start building the third European Service Module for Orion, it will provide everything the astronauts need to live and arrive safely in lunar orbit including air, water, electricity, propulsion, temperature control and structural stability.

A contract for two European Service Modules is already in place with ESA’s prime contractor Airbus DS in Bremen, early procurements for the third have been initiated, and the full contract is currently under negotiation.

The Artemis-3 mission will involve the landing on the Moon of two astronauts, the thirteenth and fourteenth humans to walk on the Moon. For the first time they will visit the South Pole of the Moon, a place of permanently lit areas and eternal shadows, wh ere they will seek ancient lunar ice.

“The team welcomed the agreement with elation,” says ESA’s Philippe Deloo of the European Service Module, “we are already proud to be developing the first spacecraft to return humans to the Moon, but the spacecraft that will see humans land on the Moon is on another level.”

“Working on this third module really brings it home: we are working on the hardware that NASA aims to put the first woman to the Moon,” says Nico Dettmann, ESA’s head of development at human and robotic exploration.

“The Orion spacecraft is instrumental to the infrastructure we are building around the Moon including assembling the Gateway and returning samples gathered by robotic missions,” concludes Nico, “we are pleased to continue the fruitful international exploration cooperation with NASA, 50 years after the first Apollo landings.”

 
https://tass.ru/kosmos/6685325
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20 ИЮЛ, 21:48
США в 2020 году отправят астронавтов в космос на своей ракете

Новый пилотируемый корабль Orion завершен и готов начать подготовку к первому историческому полету, заявил вице-президент США Майкл Пенс

ВАШИНГТОН, 20 июля. /ТАСС/. Соединенные Штаты уже в следующем году смогут отправлять американских астронавтов в космос на ракете собственного производства. Об этом сообщил в субботу вице-президент США Майкл Пенс, выступая в Космическом центре им. Кеннеди на космодроме на мысе Канаверал в штате Флорида. Его выступление транслировалось на сайте Белого дома.

"В течение следующего года мы вновь отправим в космос американских астронавтов на американских ракетах с территории США", - утверждал он на встрече, посвященной 50-й годовщине первой высадки человека на Луну. После прекращения в 2011 году полетов американских шаттлов доставка на МКС астронавтов NASA осуществляется российскими пилотируемыми кораблями "Союз". Сейчас новые американские космические корабли для пилотируемых полетов разрабатывают компании SpaceX и Boeing.

По словам Пенса, "Америка вернется на Луну в течение ближайших пяти лет, а следующим мужчиной и первой женщиной на Луне станут американские астронавты". Речь идет о новой американской пилотируемой лунной программе, названной Artemis. Вице-президент также заявил, что новый пилотируемый корабль Orion, который планируется задействовать в ее реализации, "завершен и готов начать подготовку к первому историческому полету".

"В ближайшие годы американские астронавты вернутся на Луну на борту Orion, <...> мы будем проводить недели и месяцы, а не дни и часы на поверхности Луны", - сказал Пенс. Астронавты, по его словам, "на этот раз собираются остаться на Луне, чтобы исследовать и разрабатывать новые технологии". "Мы будем добывать воду из льда в постоянно затененных участках кратеров Южного полюса [спутника]. Мы будем летать на космических аппаратах нового поколения, которые позволят нам достичь Марса не через годы, а через месяцы", - сказал вице-президент.

Ранее газета The Washington Post сообщила, что Соединенные Штаты могут не вернуться на Луну из-за проблем с финансированием миссии, разработкой тяжелой ракеты для полета и космических скафандров для высадки на спутник.

Первая высадка на Луну

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https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/vice-president-unveils-nasa-spacecraft-for-artemis-1-lunar-missio...

Vice President Unveils NASA Spacecraft for Artemis 1 Lunar Mission on Moon Landing Anniversary
July 21, 2019
RELEASE 19-060

Vice President Mike Pence visited and gave remarks in the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Saturday to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the agency’s Apollo 11 Moon landing and announce to America the completion of NASA’s Orion crew capsule for the first Artemis lunar mission.

“Thanks to the hard work of the men and women of NASA, and of American industry, the Orion crew vehicle for the Artemis 1 mission is complete and ready to begin preparations for its historic first flight,” said Vice President Pence.
...
NASA’s goal 50 years ago was to prove the agency could land humans on the Moon and return them safely to Earth. The goal now is to return to the Moon in a sustainable way to prepare for the next giant leap – sending astronauts to Mars for the first time ever.

Artemis 1 will launch NASA’s Orion spacecraft and Space Launch System (SLS) rocket around the Moon to test the system and pave the way for landing the first woman and the next man on the Moon in five years, as well as future missions to Mars.

“Similar to the 1960s, we too have an opportunity to take a giant leap forward for all of humanity,” said Bridenstine. “President Trump and Vice President Pence have given us a bold direction to return to the Moon by 2024 and then go forward to Mars. Their direction is not empty rhetoric. They have backed up their vision with the budget requests need to accomplish this objective. NASA is calling this the Artemis program in honor of Apollo’s twin sister in Greek mythology, the goddess of the Moon. And we are well on our way to getting this done.”

Engineers recently completed building and outfitting the Orion crew module at Kennedy. The underlying structure of the crew module, known as the pressure vessel, was manufactured at NASA’s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans and shipped to Kennedy, where teams have integrated thousands of parts into the crew module and conducted tests to certify all of its systems for flight.

Orion’s European Service Module, which will provide the power and propulsion for Orion during the mission, also is complete. Contributed by ESA (European Space Agency), the service module was manufactured by Airbus in Bremen, Germany, and shipped to Kennedy in November 2018 for final assembly and integration. Engineers have begun operations to join the crew module to the service module, and teams are connecting power and fluid lines to complete hardware attachment.

Once the two modules are joined, engineers will install a heatshield backshell panel on the spacecraft and prepare it for a September flight inside the agency’s Super Guppy aircraft to NASA’s Plum Brook Station in Sandusky, Ohio. Testing at Plum Brook will ensure the joined modules can withstand the deep space environment.

When testing in Ohio is complete, the spacecraft will return to Kennedy for final processing and inspections. Teams then will fuel the spacecraft and transport it to Kennedy’s iconic Vehicle Assembly Building for integration with the SLS rocket before it is rolled out to Launch Pad 39B for the launch of Artemis 1.

Orion is part of NASA’s backbone for deep space exploration, along with SLS and the lunar Gateway. During Artemis 1, SLS will send the uncrewed spacecraft – consisting of the crew and service modules – thousands of miles past the Moon for the first in a series of increasingly complex missions. Artemis 2 will be the first of these new missions to the Moon with astronauts on board, followed by Artemis 3, which will launch the next American moonwalkers into a new era of exploration.
 
К речи - фото не самого большого размера
https://www.flickr.com/photos/nasaorion

Vice President Unveils NASA Spacecraft for Artemis 1 Lunar Mission on Moon Landing Anniversary
Vice President Mike Pence visited and gave remarks in the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Saturday to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the agency’s Apollo 11 Moon landing and announce to America the completion of NASA’s Orion crew capsule for the first Artemis lunar mission.

Date Created - 2019:07:19
Photo: NASA/Radislav Sinyak




Date Created - 2019:07:20


 
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Чебурашка написал:
Командный и служебный модуль уже состыкован.
Возможно так отложилось в памяти стыковка Европейского сервисного модуля и переходника к между этим модулем и капсулой

Credit: NASA/Rad Sinyak

https://www.flickr.com/photos/nasaorion/30745295087/

Metadata Date - 2018:11:02
European Service Module
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https://www.flickr.com/photos/nasaorion/32051379968/

Date Created - 2018:11:16
European Service Module Arrival Event
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https://www.flickr.com/photos/nasaorion/47760891412/

Date Created - 2019:05:02
Orion's European Service Module
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https://www.flickr.com/photos/nasaorion/46896553615/

Date and Time (Original) - 2019:05:02 10:39:52
Orion Exploration Mission-1 Crew Module
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Изменено: pnetmon - 24.07.2019 12:47:00
 
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tnt22 написал:
ВАШИНГТОН, 20 июля. /ТАСС/. Соединенные Штаты уже в следующем году смогут отправлять американских астронавтов в космос на ракете собственного производства. Об этом сообщил в субботу вице-президент США Майкл Пенс,
Ничего не понимаю. Они сразу с астронавтами решили запускать новую ракету и новый корабль? Беспилотного не будет что ли?

Р.S: А, так это он про Старлайнер с Драгоном.... А зачем это в теме про Орион?
Изменено: Astro Cat - 24.07.2019 12:48:42
 
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Astro Cat написал:
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tnt22 написал:
ВАШИНГТОН, 20 июля. /ТАСС/. Соединенные Штаты уже в следующем году смогут отправлять американских астронавтов в космос на ракете собственного производства. Об этом сообщил в субботу вице-президент США Майкл Пенс,
Ничего не понимаю. Они сразу с астронавтами решили запускать новую ракету и новый корабль? Беспилотного не будет что ли?
Беспилотный кажется на 2021 год съехал.
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https://spacepolicyonline.com/news/senators-press-nasa-on-green-run-test-artemis-cost-estimate/

SENATORS PRESS NASA ON GREEN RUN TEST, ARTEMIS COST ESTIMATE
By Marcia Smith | Posted: July 17, 2019 8:32 pm ET | Last Upd ated: July 18, 2019 12:51 pm ET
..
Despite the rhetoric, however, according to Bridenstine’s testimony today, 2021 is now the baseline for Artemis-1.  
Artemis-2, which had been expected in 2022, now will be in “2022, 2023.”  
Artemis-3, the flight that will take astronauts to the lunar surface via a Gateway in lunar orbit, is still planned for 2024, the last year of a second Trump term if he is reelected.
...
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https://spacenews.com/artemis-cost-estimate-wont-be-ready-until-2020/
Artemis cost estimate won’t be ready until 2020
by Jeff Foust — July 17, 2019
...
Bridenstine, though, appeared to indicate a first launch of SLS in 2020 was no longer in the cards. “I think 2021 is definitely achievable” for that mission, called Artemis-1. He added he wants that new leadership hired “before we se t out a new deadline for Artemis-1.”
..
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https://spacepolicyonline.com/news/pence-sticks-with-the-plan-moon-in-2024-then-mars/
By Marcia Smith | Posted: July 20, 2019 6:11 pm ET | Last Updated: July 21, 2019 8:26 am ET
...
Bridenstine told the Senate Commerce Committee this week that the Artemis-1 launch is now expected in 2021.  NASA initially committed to November 2018 for that launch. The date slipped to December 2019-June 2020 and now to 2021.
...
tnt22 не скрыл текст не относящийся к Ориону
Изменено: pnetmon - 24.07.2019 13:19:13
 
Цитата
pnetmon написал:
Он вообще на 2022 год съехал.
Че правда? Этак он может вообще не полететь.
 
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Astro Cat написал:
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pnetmon написал:
Он вообще на 2022 год съехал.
Че правда? Этак он может вообще не полететь.
Я ошибся и был не прав - пока на 2021.
 
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Orion Spacecraft‏ Подлинная учетная запись @NASA_Orion 3 ч. назад

Final preparations underway at White Sands Test Facility in New Mexico for Orion's propulsion test. We will fire 15 engines to simulate an abort-to-orbit scenario.




35 мин. назад

Propulsion test complete! During the 12 minute test NASA and @AirbusSpace team fired Orion's main engine, 8 auxiliary thrusters, and 6 reaction control thrusters.

 
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Orion’s Service Module propulsion system test

SciNews

Опубликовано: 6 авг. 2019 г.

NASA conducted a test of the Orion spacecraft service module’s propulsion system on 5 August 2019, at NASA’s White Sands Test Facility near Las Cruces, New Mexico. During the test, the main engine, 8 auxiliary thrusters and 6 reaction control thrusters were fired. The test simulated an abort-to-orbit scenario in which the spacecraft’s service module must place Orion in a safe orbit because of a problem after the abort system has been jettisoned. Orion’s Service Module (European Service Module – ESM) is provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) and manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space.

Credit: NASA/Radislav Sinyak
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wGgw_f_axpI (13:51)
 
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Preparing America for Deep Space Episode 22: Building & Testing for Artemis

NASA Johnson

Опубликовано: 23 авг. 2019 г.

NASA is working to land the first woman and the next man on the Moon by 2024. Teams across the country are charging ahead to make that happen as they build and test the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, Orion spacecraft, and Exploration Ground Systems (EGS) at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center.

Some major recent milestones include: Orion – Spacecraft processing at the Operations & Checkout Building at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center; Successfully testing the launch abort system during the Ascent Abort-2 Test at Cape Canaveral.
Скрытый текст
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eP1_T8vKgwE (3:21)
Изменено: tnt22 - 23.08.2019 17:24:15
 
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Orion's Launch Abort System Attitude Control Motor Test

NASA Johnson

Опубликовано: 23 авг. 2019 г.

Hot fire of the attitude control motor on Orion's launch abort system (LAS), the second to last test before it’s qualified for Artemis 2 – the first flight with astronauts. The LAS is designed to pull Orion and its crew to safety in the event of an emergency during ascent.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-V2WZ5tApoc (0:40)
 
https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/orion-hot-fire-test-blazing-a-safe-trail-for-nasa-missions-to-the-moon-0
Цитата
Aug. 23, 2019

Orion Hot Fire Test Blazing a Safe Trail for NASA Missions to the Moon



The Northrop Grumman built attitude control motor (ACM) on Orion's launch abort system was successfully tested on August 22, at their facility in Elkton, Maryland.

The 30-second trial by fire was the second to last test before it’s qualified for human spaceflight on Artemis 2 -- the first mission with astronauts. During the static test, the ACM produced more than 7,000 pounds of thrust from eight valves, providing enough force to steer Orion and its crew to a safe distance.

The launch abort system is designed to transport Orion and its crew to safety in the event of an emergency during launch or ascent. It consists of three solid rocket motors: the abort motor pulls the crew module away from the launch vehicle; the ACM steers and orients the capsule; then the jettison motor ignites to separate the launch abort system from Orion for parachute deployment and a safe crew landing.

All three motors will be certified for future crewed flights after qualification tests are completed later this year. The launch abort system was stress tested earlier this year during the successful Ascent Abort-2 test.

These achievements brings Orion closer to safe flights with astronauts, paving the way for the first woman and the next man to land on the Moon by 2024.

Hot fire of the attitude control motor on Orion's launch abort system (LAS), the second to last test before it’s qualified for Artemis 2 – the first flight with astronauts.

Last Updated: Aug. 23, 2019
Editor: Aimee Crane
 
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Julia‏ @julia_bergeron 3 мин. назад

Playing I spy at KSC from the bus. You never know what you'll see! With a little help I learned that this is a simulator for Orion. To be exact it is the Orion Crew Service Module Horizontal Transport fixture.

 
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The Hardware For NASA’s Artemis I Mission Comes Together

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center

Опубликовано: 9 сент. 2019 г.

NASA’s powerful Space Launch System rocket and NASA’s Orion spacecraft are making progress to the pad. Over the course of their development, the rocket and spacecraft have moved from design and manufacturing to testing and assembly and integration. Some of the hardware has even been delivered to the launch pad at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Along with the Gateway in lunar orbit and a new human landing system, SLS and Orion create the backbone for the agency’s Artemis missions to the Moon that will land astronauts on the lunar surface by 2024 From the top to the bottom, you can take a look at the completed flight hardware for SLS and Orion for the first flight, Artemis I, in this latest video.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gdu1ROHLDrk (1:58)
 
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Chris B - NSF @NASASpaceflight 32 мин. назад

FEATURE ARTICLE:
Lockheed Martin readying NASA Artemis 1 Orion spacecraft for Plum Brook trip -

https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2019/09/lockheed-nasa-artemis-1-orion-plum-brook-trip/

- A large Orion status overview by Philip Sloss
 
https://tass.ru/kosmos/6918964
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24 СЕН, 01:30
NASA предоставило Lockheed Martin контракт на 12 кораблей Orion для запусков к Луне
Директор NASA Джеймс Брайденстайн назвал это решение "вехой в реализации программы Artemis"

НЬЮ-ЙОРК, 24 сентября. /ТАСС/. Национальное управление США по аэронавтике и исследованию космического пространства (NASA) предоставило компании Lockheed Martin право выполнить контракт на строительство от шести до 12 космических кораблей Orion, предназначенных для запусков к Луне в рамках программы Artemis. Об этом сообщил в понедельник на своей странице в Twitter директор NASA Джеймс Брайденстайн.

Он назвал данное решение "вехой в реализации программы Artemis, предусматривающей высадку первой женщины и очередного мужчины на Луне к 2024 году". "Сегодня мы предоставили Lockheed Martin контракт на производственную линию, которая обеспечит 12 миссий", - отметил Брайденстайн.

Согласно сообщению NASA, Lockheed Martin обязалась поставить минимум шесть или максимум 12 кораблей в период по 30 сентября 2030. Контракт определяет стоимость трех Orion в $2,7 млрд и еще двух - в $1,9 млрд.

NASA весной объявило о том, что новая программа освоения Луны получила название Artemis. Она будет состоять из трех этапов: первый (Artemis 1), предусматривающий непилотируемый полет установленного на тяжелой ракете Space Launch System (SLS) корабля Orion вокруг Луны и его возвращение на Землю, запланирован на вторую половину 2020 года. Второй этап (Artemis 2) - облет естественного спутника Земли с экипажем на борту - намечен на 2022 год. На третьем этапе (Artemis 3) NASA рассчитывает осуществить высадку астронавтов на Луну в 2024 году.

В мае президент США Дональд Трамп объявил о намерении направить в бюджет космического ведомства дополнительно $1,6 млрд на программы освоения Луны и Марса. Эту сумму Белый дом запросит у Конгресса в дополнение к $21 млрд, которые будут выделены на финансирование деятельности NASA в 2020 финансовом году.
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