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Orion
 
https://ria.ru/20190702/1556122175.html
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Успешные испытания Orion проложат путь к Марсу, уверен глава НАСА
15:10

МОСКВА, 2 июл – РИА Новости. Успешное завершение испытаний систем эвакуации и аварийной посадки корабля Orion сделало США "на шаг ближе" к полету на Луну и Марс, заявил Джим Брайденстин, текущий глава НАСА.
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"Поздравляю коллег из команды Orion с успешной проверкой системы эвакуации. Мы стали на шаг ближе к реализации программы Artemis, возврату на поверхность Луны и к совершению первого полета на Марс", — отметил чиновник.
Многоразовый космический корабль Orion разрабатывается сегодня в США в качестве основного инструмента для возвращения астронавтов в космос после свертывания программы "Шаттл" в 2011 году. Главная задача, которую должен реализовать Orion – повторный визит США на поверхность Луны, а также полет на Марс.

Реализация этих планов во многом зависит от того, появятся ли новые задержки в создании тяжелой ракеты SLS, из-за которых первый полет Orion к Луне неоднократно переносился сначала на 2018 и 2019 год, а затем – на июль 2020 года. Недавно представители Белого Дома выразили резкое недовольство в сторону корпорации "Боинг", разрабатывающей SLS, и не исключили того, что первые "Орионы" полетят к Луне на борту частных тяжелых ракет.

Сегодня Orion прошел последний тест, который можно реализовать без участия SLS – специалисты НАСА проверили работу систем экстренной посадки и эвакуации при неудачном влете в условиях, максимально приближенных к реальным.

Макет капсулы был запущен с космодрома на мысе Канаверал (Флорида) в два часа дня по Москве. Через 55 секунд после запуска была автоматически включена система эвакуации, которая "отвела" ее от специального ускорительного блока, созданного ради этого эксперимента.

Испытание продолжалось около трех минут и завершилось преднамеренным сбросом капсулы, где в будущем будут находиться астронавты, в океан. На последних секундах Orion сбросил датчики, собиравшие информацию о прошедшем полете.

Успешное завершение этих тестов, которые изначально должны были пройти десять лет назад, в 2009 году, как надеются в НАСА, помогут инженерам подготовить Orion к первому беспилотному полету вокруг Луны, который состоится в июле 2020 года в рамках программы Artemis.
 
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Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF 15 мин. назад

The Orion abort occurred 5 seconds ahead of the timeline because the solid rocket booster was a "hot booster" and gave extra performance.
 
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Chris G - NSF‏ @ChrisG_NSF 7 мин. назад

"The crew would have been fine w/ abort based on data. Crew would have survived." With parachutes of course (which the NASA guy did a good job joking about. This did not have parachutes b/c it was just testing the abort system.
 
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Jeff Foust‏ @jeff_foust 10 мин. назад

Kirasich: while this was the last flight test of the abort system, will continue qualification testing of the individual motors into next year.
 
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45th Space Wing‏Подлинная учетная запись @45thSpaceWing 8 мин. назад

What a fantastic launch! One step closer to the return of human spaceflight from American soil once again Congratulations to all of our mission partners! @NASA @NASA_Orion @AFSpace @northropgrumman @NASAKennedy ( by James Rainier & A1C Zoe Thacker)




 
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Mike Deep‏ @mike_deep 14 мин. назад

Remote camera photos from this morning's #AscentAbort2 test flight are in! @NASASpaceflight





Brady Kenniston‏ @TheFavoritist 10 мин. назад

Closeup remote camera views from today’s Orion Ascent Abort test! Initially I waspretty bummed to have the sun so close to the frame but looking at these images, I am thrilled with the results!




 
https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/successful-orion-test-brings-nasa-closer-to-moon-mars-missions
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July 2, 2019
RELEASE 19-054

Successful Orion Test Brings NASA Closer to Moon, Mars Missions


Ascent Abort-2 successfully launched at 7 a.m. EDT from Space Launch Complex 46 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida
Credits: NASA


NASA successfully demonstrated Tuesday the Orion spacecraft’s launch abort system can outrun a speeding rocket and pull astronauts to safety during an emergency during launch. The test is another milestone in the agency’s preparation for Artemis missions to the Moon that will lead to astronaut missions to Mars.

During the approximately three-minute test, called Ascent Abort-2, a test version of the Orion crew module launched at 7 a.m. EDT from Space Launch Complex 46 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on a modified Peacekeeper missile procured through the U.S. Air Force and built by Northrop Grumman.

The Orion test spacecraft traveled to an altitude of about six miles, at which point it experienced high-stress aerodynamic conditions expected during ascent. The abort sequence triggered and, within milliseconds, the abort motor fired to pull the crew module away from the rocket. Its attitude control motor flipped the capsule end-over-end to properly orient it, and then the jettison motor fired, releasing the crew module for splashdown in the Atlantic Ocean.

A team is collecting the 12 data recorders that were ejected during the test capsule’s descent. Analysis of the information will provide insight into the abort system’s performance.

“We're building the most powerful rocket in the world to send astronauts to the Moon in the Orion spacecraft for Artemis missions,” said Bill Hill, deputy associate administrator for Exploration Systems Development at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “With this exploration system designed to safely carry humans farther into space than ever before, we'll also have an equally powerful launch abort system that will pull the crew away if there is a problem with the rocket during the early portion of ascent.”

The tower-like abort structure consists of two parts: the fairing assembly, which is a shell composed of a lightweight composite material that protects the capsule from the heat, air flow and acoustics of the launch, ascent, and abort environments; and the launch abort tower, which includes the abort motor, attitude control motor, and jettison motor. The system is built specifically for deep space missions and to ride on NASA’s powerful Space Launch System (SLS) rocket.

“Launching into space is one of the most difficult and dangerous parts of going to the Moon,” said Mark Kirasich, Orion program manager at Johnson Space Center in Houston. “This test mimicked some of the most challenging conditions Orion will ever face should an emergency develop during the ascent phase of flight. Today, the team demonstrated our abort capabilities under these demanding conditions and put us one huge step closer to the first Artemis flight carrying people to the Moon.”

NASA was able to accelerate the test schedule and lower costs by simplifying the test spacecraft and eliminating parachutes and related systems. NASA already qualified the parachute system for crewed flights through an extensive series of 17 developmental tests and eight qualification tests completed at the end of 2018.

Engineers are making progress building and testing the Orion spacecraft for Artemis 1, the first uncrewed mission with the SLS rocket – an integrated system traveling thousands of miles beyond the Moon – and for Artemis 2, the first mission with astronauts.

At NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, technicians are preparing to attach the Orion crew and service modules before testing at the agency’s Plum Brook Station in Sandusky, Ohio, later this year. The crew module for Artemis 2 is being outfitted with thousands of elements – from bolts and strain gauges to parachutes and propulsion lines.

The agency recently reached major milestones for the SLS rocket, assembling four of the five parts that make up the massive core stage that will launch Artemis 1 and delivering the four engines that will be integrated into the core stage, along with the engine section, later this summer. When completed, the entire core stage will be the largest rocket stage NASA has built since manufacturing the Saturn V stages for NASA’s Apollo lunar missions in the 1960s.

Orion is part of NASA’s backbone for deep space exploration, along with the SLS and Gateway, that will land the first woman and next man on the Moon by 2024. Through the Artemis program, the next American Moon walkers will depart Earth aboard Orion and begin a new era of exploration.

-end-
Last Updated: July 2, 2019
Editor: Katherine Brown
 
https://blogs.nasa.gov/aa2/2019/07/02/ascent-abort-2-hailed-as-spectacular-flight-test/
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Ascent Abort-2 Hailed as ‘Spectacular’ Flight Test

James Cawley
Posted Jul 2, 2019 at 12:04 pm



A brilliant sunrise fills the sky before a fully functional Launch Abort System (LAS) with a test version of Orion attached, launches on NASA’s Ascent Abort-2 (AA-2) atop a Northrop Grumman provided booster on July 2, 2019, at 7 a.m. EDT, from Launch Pad 46 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

NASA officials were all smiles following the Ascent Abort-2 flight test of the launch abort system (LAS) for NASA’s Orion spacecraft on Tuesday, July 2.

“That was a spectacular test we all witnessed this morning. It was really special for the program; a really big step forward to us,” Orion Program Manager Mark Kirasich said during a post-launch briefing about two hours after the launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. “It was a really great day all around — weather and the vehicle.”


NASA successfully demonstrated the Orion spacecraft’s Launch Abort System can outrun a speeding rocket and pull astronauts to safety in case of an emergency during launch. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

Don Reed, who heads Orion’s test flight office and served as the flight test launch director, enthusiastically echoed that sentiment.

“We couldn’t ask for a better flight, better mission, a better performance,” Reed said. “That sums it up.”

NASA successfully demonstrated the Orion spacecraft’s LAS can outrun a speeding rocket and pull astronauts to safety in case of an emergency during launch. During the 3-minute, 13-second event, a test version of the Orion crew module launched at 7 a.m. EDT from Space Launch Complex 46 on a modified Peacekeeper missile procured through the U.S. Air Force and built by Northrop Grumman.

The Orion test spacecraft traveled to an altitude of about six miles, at which point it experienced high-stress aerodynamic conditions expected during ascent. The abort sequence triggered and, within milliseconds, the abort motor fired to pull the crew module away from the rocket.


The test Ascent Abort-2 flight test is another milestone in the agency’s preparation for Artemis missions to the Moon that will lead to astronaut missions to Mars. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

Its attitude control motor flipped the capsule end-over-end to properly orient it, and then the jettison motor fired, releasing the crew module for splashdown in the Atlantic Ocean. All 12 ejectable data recorders that were ejected during the test capsule’s descent were recovered by 8:10 a.m. Abort was initiated with the test spacecraft traveling at about 760 mph. Maximum speed was about 1,000 mph, and peak altitude was hit at just under 44,000 feet.

“One of the most important parts of the test was to see how the attitude control motor performed,” Kirasich said. “The internal motor pressure was rock solid, straight line and it had excellent control characteristics. Everything we’ve seen so far looks great.”
Скрытый текст
 
https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/07/02/nasa-successfully-tests-orion-launch-abort-system-before-moon-flights/
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NASA successfully tests Orion launch abort system before moon flights
July 2, 2019 | Stephen Clark

Officials hailed an action-packed three-minute test flight Tuesday over Cape Canaveral that exercised the Orion spacecraft’s launch abort rocket, a key safety system on the capsule NASA is developing to carry astronauts back to the moon.

“We couldn’t have asked for a better flight, better mission, better performance,” said Don Reed, head of the Orion flight test management office. “That about sums it up.”

“It was really special for the program, and really a big step forward for us,” said Mark Kirasich, NASA’s Orion program manager at the Johnson Space Center in Houston.

Tuesday’s test flight, designated Orion Ascent Abort-2, cost approximately $256 million and is the Orion program’s last flight test before an unpiloted mission around the moon planned for late 2020, or more likely in 2021.

The Orion spacecraft is a major component of NASA’s newly-named Artemis program, which aims to return U.S. astronauts to the lunar surface in 2024. Under NASA’s current plans, astronauts will lift off fr om Earth riding Orion spacecraft mounted atop the giant Space Launch System rocket, a 322-foot-tall (98-meter) launcher which is several years behind schedule.

NASA says astronauts will ride on the Orion spacecraft and Space Launch System for the first time in the 2022 timeframe on a flight around the moon and back to Earth. That mission is named Artemis 2, and will be a precursor to a lunar landing attempt in 2024 on the Artemis 3 mission, according to NASA officials.

That assumes Congress funds fast-track moon landing program, which NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine told CNN last month will require $20 billion to $30 billion in additional funding over the space agency’s previously-planned budget, which targeted a human lunar landing in 2028.

The successful outcome of the abort test Tuesday sets the stage for a flurry of work over the next one-to-two years to finish assembly and testing of the first Orion spacecraft capable of reaching the moon, along with final construction and a test-firing of the first SLS core stage, the component responsible for the program’s most recent delays.

Tuesday’s flight used a simplified Orion capsule built specifically for the launch escape test, crowned with an abort system identical to the unit that will be used on crewed launches.
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Ben Cooper‏ @LaunchPhoto

NASA's Orion spacecraft is boosted towards a successful in-flight abort test, designed to save the astronauts who will travel aboard the spacecraft in the coming years. The launch, to an altitude of 33,000 feet was carried out by a @northropgrumman Minotaur 4 first stage booster.



08:32 - 2 июл. 2019 г.
A converted SR118 rocket motor from the U.S. Air Force’s inventory of decommissioned Cold War-era Peacekeeper missiles provided a half-million pounds to propel the capsule off of pad 46 at Cape Canaveral. The booster was weighted down to allow it reach just the right altitude, speed and aerodynamic pressure for the abort test, mimicking the conditions the Orion spacecraft will encounter while riding the must larger Space Launch System.

“We actually had to add over 100,000 pounds (45 metric tons) of ballast to it just to slow it down, because it’s pretty sporty,” said Jenny Devolites, NASA’s test director for Tuesday’s flight.

The 93-foot-tall (28-meter) single-stage vehicle climbed to an altitude of 31,000 feet (about 9,500 meters) in approximately 50 seconds, reaching a speed of Mach 1.08 before the test capsule’s on-board computer triggered an abort command. The command initiated series of rocket firings and maneuvers using an abort system mounted on top of the Peacekeeper motor and Orion capsule.

The abort motor instantly pulled the Orion test capsule away from the Peacekeeper’s SR118 booster moments before the rocket exhausted its propellant supply and burned out.

The four-nozzle abort motor quickly ramped up to 400,000 pounds of thrust and fired more than five seconds, accelerating the capsule with the force of about seven Gs to out-run the SR118 booster.
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Chris B - NSF‏ @NASASpaceflight 20 мин. назад

Got to say, lots of interest in the AA-2 test today. Bodes well for SLS/Orion interest building closer to launch!

Recap (from preview to post test):

https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2019/07/aa-2-orions-in-flight-abort-test-launch/

- By Philip Sloss.

Photos @TheFavoritist @thejackbeyer @mike_deep




 
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Trevor Mahlmann‏ @TrevorMahlmann 15 ч. назад

Ignition! Can't believe I captured the abort motor firing!! Congrats to everyone at NASA on the successful test of the abort capability on Orion You'll want to see the hi-res' of these photos (especially that center one) You can get those here: https://www.tmahlmann.com/photos/Rockets/NASA/Orion-Ascent-Abort-2/ …

 
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ESA‏Подлинная учетная запись @esa 12 ч. назад

Today's @NASA_Orion launch abort test proved the system that will keep astronauts safe in a launch emergency. Meanwhile, here is the second European Service Module under construction – it will provide air, water and electricity to the astronauts on their #Artemis mission.




 
Симпатично. Скромно, делово и со вкусом :) Приятно, когда ведущие не кривляются перед камерой, а на заднем плане не беснуется толпа фанатов.
 
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LaunchStuff‏ @LaunchStuff 1 ч. назад

Reddit user Regis_Mk5 captured an impressive shot of the Orion ATB splashdown.

https://www.reddit.com/r/gifs/comments/c8j2ti/400000_pounds_of_nasa_rocket_boos­ter_slams_into/ …

https://www.reddit.com/r/SpaceLaunchSystem/comments/c89rye/i_was_able_to_see_th­e_atb_crash_into_the_water/ …
 
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Orion - In Flight Abort Test With 18 In Tracker 07-02-2019

USLaunchReport

Опубликовано: 2 июл. 2019 г.

This test was "Awesome" to watch and film. The out of control Orion drone capsule made some crazy noise on the way down.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2RbbSGrO_tY (4:25)
 
Возможно было - понравилось чуть ближе к середине как рядышком летели

Video Credit: Jeff Seibert / AmericaSpace.com

https://youtu.be/enY-TIIjGlQ

https://youtu.be/0oK1T7IxOtk

https://www.americaspace.com/2019/07/02/nasa-launches-orion-crew-capsule-on-milestone-in-flight-abort-test/
 
До жути похоже на Челенджер.
The trajectory is temporarily deviated. Skybot not to blame.
 
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Human Spaceflight‏Подлинная учетная запись @esaspaceflight 9 июл.

Auxiliary thrusters are GO! Assembly of the second European Service Module is progressing nicely at @AirbusSpace. This tangle of wires and metal will make sure the #Artemis 2 crew of @NASA_Orion gets to the #Moon and back! #ImageOfTheWeek http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2019/07/European_Service_Model_2_as­sembly …

 
Это чего, это успех? А чего его так болтало и крутило? И где штатная посадка на парашютах?
==>[RU.SPACE Forever>
 
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Ben Cooper‏ @LaunchPhoto 43 мин. назад

And I had to share this shot of the Orion escape system just feet from impacting the water at nearly 300mph.

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